Jocelyn Henry Clive 'Harry' Graham (23 December 1874 – 30 October 1936) was an English writer. He was a successful journalist and later, after distinguished military service, a leading lyricist for operettas and musical comedies, but he is now best remembered as a writer of humorous verse in a style of grotesquerie and black humour.
Family and education
Graham was the second son of Sir Henry Graham, KCB (1842–1930), Clerk of the Parliaments, and his first wife, Lady Edith Elizabeth Gathorne-Hardy, who died two weeks after Harry's birth. Graham's elder brother Ronald Graham entered the diplomatic service, becoming Ambassador to Italy (1921–33). Graham was educated at Eton and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst.
Graham was commissioned into the Coldstream Guards as a second lieutenant on 6 March 1895, and was promoted to lieutenant on 9 January 1898. From March 1899 to 1901 and again in 1902–1904 he served as aide-de-camp to Lord Minto, Governor-General of Canada. In the intervening year, he served in the Second Boer War in South Africa. He was promoted to captain (supernumerary) on 20 April 1901, and received a regular commission from his regiment in August 1902, as he returned to Canada. Graham kept a journal of his trip across Canada with Minto to the Klondike Gold Rush in the Yukon in 1900, called Across Canada to the Klondyke, which he later presented to Minto, and which was eventually published. Graham retired from the army in 1904, and became private secretary to the former Prime Minister, Lord Rosebery, 1904–06.
Marriage and later life
Graham was engaged to Ethel Barrymore, but they did not marry. He married Dorothy Villiers in 1910, and they had a daughter, Virginia Graham, who followed him as a writer, contributing many articles to Punch.
Career as a writer
His first published works appeared during his military career. In 1906, he became a full-time writer, as a journalist and author of light verse, popular fiction and history, including A Group of Scottish Women (1908).
Graham is best remembered for his series of cheerfully cruel Ruthless Rhymes, first published in 1898 under the pseudonym Col. D. Streamer, a reference to his regiment. These were described by The Times, in an editorial that compared him to Edward Lear, Lewis Carroll and W. S. Gilbert, as "that enchanted world where there are no values nor standards of conduct or feeling, and where the plainest sense is the plainest nonsense". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography also compares his verse with that of W. S. Gilbert and suggests that his prose was an early influence on P. G. Wodehouse. Graham's other light verse exhibited a delight in language, and not only his native one, as in his response to the news that Wilhelm II, visiting Brussels, spoke at length with Baron de Haulleville, Director of the Congo Museum, in French, German and English: the poem began:
Guten Morgen, mon ami!
Heute ist es schönes Wetter!
Charmé de vous voir ici!
Never saw you looking better!
An example of a Ruthless Rhyme is:
Father heard his children scream
So he threw them in the stream
Saying, as he drowned the third,
"Children should be seen, not heard!"
Graham's pleasure in word-play is illustrated in his poem on "Poetical Economy":
When I’ve a syllable de trop,
I cut it off, without apol.:
This verbal sacrifice, I know,
May irritate the schol.;
But all must praise my dev’lish cunn.
Who realise that Time is Mon.
Some of the Ruthless Rhymes involved Little Willie, a poetic personification of youthful mischief, whose gruesome acts of violence with indifferent or cheerfully inappropriate responses inspired readers to compose similar verses. The most common format of these poems was a four lines in trochaic tetrameter. Victor Hely-Hutchinson composed a series of song settings for the poems published as Ruthless Rhymes for Heartless Homes in 1945 and 1946.
The only substantial anthology of Graham's verse is When Grandmama Fell Off the Boat: The Best of Harry Graham. The latest edition was published by Sheldrake Press in 2009.
Lyricist and translator
During the war, Graham started to write lyrics for English operettas and musical comedies, including Tina (1915), Sybil (1916), the 1917 hit operetta The Maid of the Mountains and A Southern Maid (1920), and English adaptations of European operettas such as Whirled into Happiness (1922), Madame Pompadour (1923), The Land of Smiles (1931) and many others.
His best known lyrics were "You are my heart's delight", his English version of "Dein ist mein ganzes Herz", from The Land of Smiles, composed by Franz Lehár (and made famous by the popular tenor Richard Tauber), and "Goodbye", from his English adaptation of The White Horse Inn (originally "Adieu, mein kleiner Gardeoffizier" from Robert Stolz's operetta Die lustigen Weiber von Wien, a song which later achieved great popularity as sung by Josef Locke).
- 1899: Ruthless Rhymes for Heartless Homes; words by Col. D. Streamer; illustrations by G. H. Obl. 8vo., 59 pp. London: Edward Arnold (both words and drawings are by Graham)
- Posthumous publication
- 1984: Across Canada to the Klondyke; edited and with an introduction by Frances Bowles. Toronto: Methuen ISBN 0-458-98240-7 (A travel diary)
- 1986: When Grandmama Fell off the Boat: the best of Harry Graham inventor of ruthless rhymes; with an introduction by Miles Kington. (Methuen Humour Classics.) London: Methuen ISBN 0-413-14150-0
- --do.--1988, Harper Collins
- --do.--2009, Sheldrake Press
- Black, A & C. "Graham, Captain Harry J. C.", Who Was Who 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, December 2007, Retrieved 19 November 2008
- Hogg, James "Graham, Jocelyn Henry Clive (1874–1936)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edn, May 2006, Retrieved 19 November 2008
- The Times obituary, 31 October 1936, p. 14.
- Hart´s Army list, 1903
- "No. 27460". The London Gazette. 1 August 1902. p. 4965.
- The Times, 2 November 1936, p. 17.
- The Times, 31 October 1936, p. 13.
- Norwich, p. 139
- Lennard, p. 193
- "Gloriously Gruesome "Little Willie" Poems". Ground Control Parenting. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
- "General Information". Ruthless Rhymes. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
- Graham, Harry and Victor Hely-Hutchinson. Ruthless Rhymes for Heartless Homes (1945) and More Ruthless Rhymes for Heartless Homes (1946), London: Edward Arnold & Co
- Graham, Harry. "A Group of Scottish Women". Electric Scotland. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- More Ruthless Rhymes for Heartless Homes. Obl. 8vo., 64 p. London: Edward Arnold & Co. (Illustrated by William Leigh Ridgewell)
- "Viktoria and her Hussar". The Guide to Light Opera & Operetta. Retrieved 16 March 2008.
- Information about Graham and his writings
- Sleeve Notes for the Hyperion recording of The Maid of the Mountains
- Dutch site about Graham with images and many helpful links
- Lennard, John: The Poetry Handbook: A Guide to Reading Poetry for Pleasure and Practical Criticism, Oxford University Press, 2005, ISBN 0-19-926538-0
- Norwich, John Julius (compiler): Still More Christmas Crackers, Viking, London 2000, ISBN 0-670-89392-7
- "Ruthless Rhymes: A site dedicated to the poetry of Harry Graham and the myriad of morbid poets he inspired"
- Harry Graham at the Internet Broadway Database
- Photo of Graham and interview of his niece from the BBC Radio 4
- Works by Harry Graham at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Harry Graham at Internet Archive
- Works by Harry Graham at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)